Saturday, July 18, 2009

Cerebrovascular disease

Number of people suffering from Cerebrovascular disease is increasing day by day .There is a wise saying that prevention is better than cure.To prevent cerebrovascular disease we need to something about it.

Cerebrovascular Disease are also called: Cerebrovascular Occlusion, Cerebral Vasculitis, Cerebral Arteriosclerosis, Occlusive Cerebrovascular Disease, Cerebral Vascular Disease, Cerebral Arteritis

Cerebrovascular disease (CVD) includes all disorders in which an area of the brain is transiently or permanently affected by ischemia or bleeding and one or more of the cerebral blood vessels are involved in the pathological process.CVD is the third leading cause of death after heart disease and malignancy and it is estimated that an average of 500,000 new strokes will occur each year in the USA. CVD is the most disabling of all neurologic diseases. Approximately 50% of survivors have a residual neurologic deficit and greater than 25% require chronic care.

This form of cerebrovascular disease is similar to coronary artery disease, which occurs in the blood vessels that supply the heart with oxygen-rich blood. It is also referred to as ischemic disease, or a disease that causes a lack of blood flow. Because it occurs in blood vessels outside the heart, this condition is also considered to be a type of peripheral artery disease.


A cerebrovascular accident is apparent if the victim displays the following symptoms: dizziness, nausea, vomiting, severe headaches, head pressure, numbness within the limbs, slurred speech, vision loss, loss of coordination and the ability to walk. Hemorrhagic strokes may require surgery to relieve the pressure within the brain. Another treatment, endovascular treatment, requires inserting a tube into the major artery.


1. Stroke prevention through risk-factor reduction.

2. Prevention of initial or recurrent stroke by modifying the underlying pathologic process.

3. Reduction of secondary brain damage by maintaining adequate perfusion to marginally ischemic areas and decreasing edema.

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